Bloodborne pathogens refer to viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause diseases when transmitted to others. The most common bloodborne pathogens are hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). These pathogens can be transmitted through direct contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids. Healthcare workers, first responders, and others who come into contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials are at an increased risk of exposure to these pathogens.
Preventing the transmission of bloodborne pathogens is crucial to protect both healthcare workers and the general public. This is achieved through the implementation of proper infection control practices and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). In healthcare settings, practices such as hand hygiene, safe handling and disposal of sharps, and the use of barriers (such as gloves, gowns, and masks) are important in preventing the transmission of bloodborne pathogens. Training and education on bloodborne pathogens are also essential to ensure that healthcare personnel are aware of the risks and follow proper protocols to minimize exposure. Additionally, routine vaccination against HBV is recommended for healthcare workers to provide protection against this particular bloodborne pathogen.Start Course